name the major island in liberia and their location

[citation needed] It was made up primarily of Americo-Liberians, who maintained social, economic and political dominance well into the 20th century, repeating patterns of European colonists in other nations in Africa. Subsequent Portuguese explorers named Grand Cape Mount, Cape Mesurado (Montserrado), and Cape Palmas, all . Other trees of value are rubber, cacao, coffee, and the raffia palm. [127][128], Due to its status as a flag of convenience, Liberia has the second-largest maritime registry in the world behind Panama. Please read the. Rainfall is irregular, and the rainy season varies in intensity and begins earlier at the coast than in the interior. In 1824 the territory was named Liberia, and its main settlement was named Monrovia, which is the present-day capital. [80] Much research into Tbg was performed in the 1970s by Mehlitz and by Gibson, both working in Bong Mine with samples from around the country. [43] A strategic Cold War ally of the West, Doe received significant financial backing from the United States while critics condemned the PRC for corruption and political repression. [57] Most parties suffer from poor organizational capacity. Challenges of reservoir hosts and transmission cycles: Expect the unexpected", "Desert Locust Bulletin General situation during September 2021 Forecast until mid-November 2021", "Restoring the Battered and Broken Environment of Liberia One of the Keys to a New and Sustainable Future". Area: 111,370 square kilometers (43,000 square miles) Highest point on mainland: Mount Wutivi (1,380 meters/4,528 feet) Lowest point on land: Sea level. Quakers believed black people would face better chances for freedom in Africa than in the U.S.[7][19] While slaveholders opposed freedom for enslaved people, some viewed "repatriation" of free people of color as a way to avoid slave rebellions. 19, [118] The country acted as a major trader in Sierra Leonian blood diamonds, exporting over US$300 million in diamonds in 1999. [105], The Central Bank of Liberia is responsible for printing and maintaining the Liberian dollar, Liberia's primary currency (the United States dollar is also legal tender in Liberia). Believing themselves different from and culturally and educationally superior to the indigenous peoples, the Americo-Liberians developed as an elite minority that created and held on to political power. Monrovia, capital, largest city, and chief Atlantic port of Liberia, located on Bushrod Island and Cape Mesurado. [73] Four terrestrial ecoregions lie within Liberia's borders: Guinean montane forests, Western Guinean lowland forests, Guinean forestsavanna mosaic, and Guinean mangroves. [citation needed], The government of Liberia, modeled on the government of the United States, is a unitary constitutional republic and representative democracy as established by the Constitution. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Liberian independence was proclaimed in 1847, and its boundaries were expanded. [68], The highest point wholly within Liberia is Mount Wuteve at 4,724 feet (1,440m) above sea level in the northwestern Liberia range of the West Africa Mountains and the Guinea Highlands. The presence of Oldowan Earlier Stone Age (earliest ESA) artifacts in West Africa has been confirmed by Michael Omolewa, attesting to the presence of ancient humans. In 2007, the HIV infection rates stood at 2% of the population aged 1549[188] whereas the incidence of tuberculosis was 420 per 100,000 people in 2008. For virtually all of its history, the AFL has received considerable material and training assistance from the United States. [67] Weah cited fighting corruption, reforming the economy, combating illiteracy, and improving living conditions as the main targets of his presidency.[67]. [30][31][32], The leadership of the new nation consisted largely of the Americo-Liberians, who initially established political and economic dominance in the coastal areas that the ACS had purchased; they maintained relations with U.S. contacts in developing these areas and the resulting trade. As of 2016, it had approximately 9,118 students. Founded in 1988, the school is owned and operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Monrovia. Under heavy pressure from the international community and the domestic Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace movement,[52] [101] When President Sirleaf took office in 2006, she announced that corruption was "the major public enemy. There was a decline in production of Liberian goods in the late 19th century, and the government struggled financially, resulting in indebtedness on a series of international loans. Members are nominated to the court by the president and are confirmed by the Senate, serving until the age of 70. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}630N 930W / 6.500N 9.500W / 6.500; -9.500. [207] Customary law allows men to have up to four wives. [82], Slash-and-burn agriculture is one of the human activities eroding Liberia's natural forests. Open Location Code. This page was last edited on 16 April 2023, at 03:12. [bettersourceneeded][1], English is the official language and serves as the lingua franca of Liberia. [57] Public schools offer biblical studies, though parents may opt their children out. "Congos." For much of Liberia's early history, the Congos were classed below the Americo -Liberians. LinkedIn 15 Best Places to Visit in Liberia: Monrovia Sapo National Park Robertsport Buchanan Gbarnga Harbel Gola National Forest Bushrod Island Marshall Zwedru Kakata Greenville Harper Voinjama Sanniquellie What are the major mountains of Liberia and their location? The climate, especially on the coast, is warm and humid year-round, dominated by a dry season from November to April and by a rainy season from May to October. [160] In 2010 some 43.5% of Liberians were below the age of 15.[157]. [53] Along the coast lie beds of sandstone, with occasional crystalline-rock outcrops. Longest distances: 274 kilometers (170 miles) from north-northeast to south-southwest; 548 . [16], This influx of these groups was compounded by the decline of the Mali Empire in 1375 and the Songhai Empire in 1591. The Farmington River is a source of hydroelectric power. For most of the 194189 period, training was largely provided by U.S. advisors, with combat experience in the Second World War also playing a role in training. However, over the years the two groups joined and the terms "Americo -Liberian" and "Congo" were used interchangeably. Founded as the Liberian Frontier Force in 1908, the military was renamed in 1956. Four types of soil are found in Liberia. [40], After the war, President William Tubman encouraged foreign investment, with Liberia achieving the second-highest rate of economic growth in the world during the 1950s. Americo-Liberians formed into a small elite that held disproportionate political power; indigenous Africans were excluded from birthright citizenship in their own land until 1904.[11][12]. [94] The National Police Training Academy is in Paynesville City. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Liberia occupies an area of about 43,000 square miles and has a population of about 4,900,000 people. Language links are at the top of the page across from the title. [112] The global financial crisis slowed GDP growth to 4.6% in 2009,[112] though a strengthening agricultural sector led by rubber and timber exports increased growth to 5.1% in 2010 and an expected 7.3% in 2011, making the economy one of the 20 fastest-growing in the world. Nicola Jones, Janice Cooper, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall and David Walker, June 2014; "The fallout of rape as a weapon of war", ODI; Pew Forum on Religious & Public life. [85], Liberia is divided into fifteen counties, which, in turn, are subdivided into a total of 90 districts and further subdivided into clans. [1][162][bettersourceneeded] These latter two groups established political control in the 19th century which they kept well into the 20th century. Making Liberia safe: transformation of the national security sector. All structured data from the file namespace is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; . Between 1461 and the late 17th century, Portuguese, Dutch, and British traders had contacts and trading posts in the region. Coeditor of. [79], Trypanosoma brucei gambiense is endemic in some animal hosts here including both domestic and wild. Highly fertile alluvial soils represent a small percentage of the land area and are utilized largely for agriculture. [89], Liberia's highest judicial authority is the Supreme Court, made up of five members and headed by the Chief Justice of Liberia. It hosts FIFA World Cup qualifying matches in addition to international concerts and national political events. [86], Prior to the 2008 census, the last census had been taken in 1984 and listed the country's population as 2,101,628. The judiciary is further divided into circuit and speciality courts, magistrate courts and justices of the peace. They intermarried largely within the colonial community, developing an ethnic group that had a cultural tradition infused with American notions of political republicanism and Protestant Christianity. Liberia is bounded by Sierra Leone to the northwest, Guinea to the north, Cte dIvoire to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and west. During World War II, the United States made major infrastructure improvements to support its military efforts in Africa and Europe against Germany. [citation needed] Liberia struggled to attract investment to develop infrastructure and a larger, industrial economy. It is located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. [29] The United States did not recognize Liberia until 1862, after the Southern states, which had strong political power in the American government, declared their secession and the formation of the Confederacy. Liberia, country along the coast of western Africa. [68] During the winter months of November to March, dry dust-laden harmattan winds blow inland, causing many problems for residents. [84] Since 2006, the international community has paid for all garbage collection and disposal in Monrovia via the World Bank. Sirleaf's Vision With Passion", "Notes, Presented by Professor and Dean of the Louis Arthur Grimes School of Law, University of Liberia, David A. [68], Liberia's main northwestern boundary is traversed by the Mano River while its southeast limits are bounded by the Cavalla River. [68], Liberia's watershed tends to move in a southwestern pattern towards the sea as new rains move down the forested plateau off the inland mountain range of Guine Forestire, in Guinea. [100], Corruption is endemic at every level of the Liberian government. This makes them the youngest examples of such MSA technology anywhere in Africa. [88] All existing local governmentscities, townships, and a boroughwere created by specific acts of the Liberian government, and thus the structure and duties/responsibilities of each local government varies greatly from one to the other. The colonial settlements were raided by the Kru and Grebo, from their inland chiefdoms. Official name: Republic of Liberia. Later Stone Age (LSA) populations evidence significant technological diversification, including both microlithic and macrolithic traditions. [111] This decline was accelerated by the outbreak of civil war in 1989; GDP was reduced by an estimated 90% between 1989 and 1995, one of the fastest declines in modern history. [28] The United Kingdom was the first country to recognize Liberia's independence. [146] The vast majority of electric energy services is provided by small, privately owned generators. The Atlantic Ocean borders Liberia to the south-southwest. The Portuguese named the area Costa da Pimenta ("Pepper Coast") but it later came to be known as the Grain Coast, due to the abundance of melegueta pepper grains. Behind the rolling hills, most of the countrys interior is a dissected plateau with scattered low mountains ranging from 600 to 1,000 feet (180 to 305 metres) in elevation; some mountains rise to 2,000 feet (600 metres). The Constitution calls for the election of various chiefs at the county and local level, but these elections have not taken place since 1985 due to war and financial constraints. Liberia also helped to fund the Organisation of African Unity. [86] As of 2006[update], Liberia had the highest population growth rate in the world (4.50% per annum). On average, children attain 10 years of education (11 for boys and 8 for girls). It was established on land acquired for freed U.S. slaves by the American Colonization Society, which founded a colony at Cape Mesurado in 1821. [209] Heavy stews spiced with habanero and scotch bonnet chilies are popular and eaten with fufu. Nimba is the largest of the counties in size at 11,551km2 (4,460sqmi), while Montserrado is the smallest at 737.069sqmi (1,909.00km2). The coastal plains are about 350 miles (560 km) long and extend up to 25 miles (40 km) inland. For other uses, see, Please help by moving some material from it into the body of the article. 911. [164], According to the 2008 National Census, 85.6% of the population practiced Christianity, while Muslims represented a minority of 12.2%. 2278117. [68], Tropical rainforests cover the hills, while elephant grass and semi-deciduous forests make up the dominant vegetation in the northern sections. Gbarpolu is the newest county, created in 2001. [208], Liberian cuisine heavily incorporates rice, the country's staple food. [113] Liberia used the United States dollar as its currency from 1943 until 1982 and continues to use the U.S. dollar alongside the Liberian dollar. This discussion focuses on Liberia from the 19th century. Liberia is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, Ivory Coast, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. This was a cause for concern among the British colonial authorities of Sierra Leone and the French colonial authorities of French Guinea and the Ivory Coast as tensions with Germany increased. In alphabetical order, the 15 counties are Bomi, Bong, Gbarpolu, Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi, Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River Cess, River Gee, and Sinoe. [74] It had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.79/10, ranking it 116th globally out of 172 countries. Finally, there is a mountainous highland region to the north hosting the country's highest point, the 1,440 m high Mount Wuteve, which has been marked on the map by an upright yellow triangle. Column - Arts and Culture today is looking at a very important cultural heritage- The Providence Island, which was originally called the Dozoa Island. [95] A history of corruption among police officers diminishes public trust and operational effectiveness. King and Vice President Allen N. Yancy resigned. Professor of Geography, East Carolina College, Greenville, North Carolina. [113][114], Current impediments to growth include a small domestic market, lack of adequate infrastructure, high transportation costs, poor trade links with neighboring countries and the high dollarization of the economy. Wikidata ID. This page was last updated on February 24, 2021, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions 2023 Edward Wilmot Blyden, Bai T. Moore, Roland T. Dempster and Wilton G. S. Sankawulo are among Liberia's more prominent authors. [25] Indigenous tribesmen did not enjoy birthright citizenship in their own land until 1904. Corrections? [119] This led to a United Nations ban on Liberian diamond exports in 2001, which was lifted in 2007 following Liberia's accession to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme. [123] Due in large part to foreign aid and investment inflow following the end of the war, Liberia maintains a large account deficit, which peaked at nearly 60% in 2008. [104] When dealing with public-facing government functionaries, 89% of Liberians say they have had to pay a bribe, the highest national percentage in the world according to the organization's 2010 Global Corruption Barometer. [39], In the mid-20th century, Liberia gradually began to modernize with American assistance. [1], The Legislature is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The", "Data: Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)", "Liberia: Breathing Life into ailing healthcare system", "Data: Health expenditure per capita (current US$)", "Data: Health expenditure, total (% of GDP)", "Liberian health authorities confirm two cases of Ebola: WHO", The Ebola response in West Africa: Exposing the politics and culture of international aid, "Liberia: War-Weary, With Echoes of Old Dixie", "Liberia: It's the Little Things A Reflection on Ellen Johnson Sirleaf's Journey to the Presidency", "Liberia: "Literature Must Be Given Priority", "Baa Salaka: Sacrificial Lamb A Book Review & Commentary", "George Weah: Ex-AC Milan, Chelsea & Man City striker elected Liberia president", "Liberia:Chaos Mars Grand Bassa and Nimba Clash", "Reforming Cocoa and Coffee Marketing in Liberia", "Gov't Pledges Commitment to Adopt Metric System", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands,, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1847, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Liberian English, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from January 2023, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from January 2023, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2023, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2023, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2022, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2014, Articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0.

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