refer to the cladogram shown above weegy

In building a tree, we organize species into nested groups based on shared derived traits (traits different from those of the group's ancestor). in which language are scientific names written? which of the following is the correct way to write the scientific name of the Northern cardinal? C. The rates of colonization of bird species will decrease with increasing distance of the island form the mainland, leading to lesser diversity with distance Which of the statements below is true? The numbers 1 through 5 represent species that exist today. Some organisms can be considered paraphyletic or polyphyletic. The node circled in black indicates that birds and snakes share another common ancestor. Competitive exclusion operates best when a community experiences intermediate disturbances B. there is an excess of plant biomass in all terrestrial ecosystems According to the cladogram of primates shown, which key cultural feature was shared exclusively by only homo sapiens and Nean sandra783206 sandra783206 05/02/2020 Refer to the cladogram shown above. a shark's skeleton is made of cartilage while a dolphin's is made of bone. (assume that birds do not migrate between islands) The pedigree given shows a family in which the shaded individuals have the condition. Create an account to start this course today. Birds and snakes share another synapomorphy, that they are vertebrates. A. temporal E. All the protocells on early Earth contained RAN, C. RNA has both information storage and catalytic properties, Sea urchins are broadcast spawners: They release their gametes into the water without courtship. A mutation in a gray fox population reduces both fecundity and survivorship to a given age The scientific name of a mountain lion is Felix concolor and a housecat is Felis catus. The trees that are most likely to avoid extinction in such an environment are those that? D. both b and c. Examine the diagram below which represents a food web for a particular terrestrial ecosystem. D. one chromosome 12 with one blue gene and one chromosome 19 with one long gene, D. one chromosome 12 with one blue gene and one chromosome 19 with one long gene, A certain (hypothetical) organism is diploid, has either blue or orange wings as the consequence of its genes on chromosome 1,2, and either long or short antennae as the result of a second gene on chromosome 19, as shown. distribution of the species in question? 1 Of the cladograms shown below, (ADD PICTURE) which one shows a different evolutionary history from the others? Haberler . D. Chemoautotroph A. Etiology looks into the origins using genetics to back up the authenticity of the phylogenetic trees. D. evaporation of water from ocean surfaces D. two species of rattlesnakes that both rattle their tails, two species of unpalatable butterfly have the same color patterns, Applications and Investigations In Earth Science, Dennis G. Tasa, Edward J. Tarbuck, Frederick K. Lutgens, Charles C. Plummer, Diane Carlson, Lisa Hammersley. Another monophyletic group example can be seen in domesticated dogs. 3, 5, 4, 2, 1 B. larger; farther away from The best time to weigh yourself is in the. C. the cells of the mushroom are all haploid gametes These will be further discussed in the rest of this lesson. They also have teacher certifications in Biology and General Science. You have two populations of flowering plants. E. movement through living biomass, What is the relationship between the processes of photosynthesis and respiration in the global carbon cycle? A. E. making of stone tools, Which statement about Neanderthals is false? Refer to the cladogram shown above. B. bottleneck effect in the history of the cats on the island B. a gizzard D. intrasexual B. false, Homo erectus was the first hominid species to show evidence of using fire B. RNA could have evolved into DNA C. the random distribution of the sister chromatids to the two daughter cells during anaphase II A. true The presence of mountain ranges tends to produce extremes in precipitation Updated 279 days ago|7/26/2022 7:59:08 PM, Updated 279 days ago|7/26/2022 7:59:36 PM. He felt disappointed but decided to study an hour each night Weegy: The best time to weigh yourself is in the: morning after you exercise. Monophyletic grouping helps scientists understand relationships between organisms with a common ancestor. A. E. None of the above, Refer to the cladogram shown (ADD PICTURE). These relationships are based on observable physical characteristics. B. its hard for an ecosystem to support many of them because so much energy is lost at each level of energy exchange A. true D. Bacteria can divide quickly using binary fission. D. Water, Which biogeochemical cycle is best represented in the diagram to the left? how many domains are there int he most current tree of life? User: Can I get a better answer Weegy: Weegy: Y/y^3 = 1/y^2. D. sperm, Snail shells coil either ot the right (dextral) or to the left (sinstral). C. They were short, stocky, and powerfully built Derived character states shared by clade members are called. which of the following is a limitation of the phylogenetic species concept? A. B. nitrogen E. a limited number of suitable nest sites for a particular bird species in a particular area, B. an unexpected spring snow storm kills all the sprouting tulip bulbs, What does the graph on the right tell you about the species indicated as keystone? A. the nature and size of the reservoirs B. bacterial glycolysis, prokaryotic photosynthesis, aerobic reproduction Remember that 1.2% of billions of DNA can cause many changes, which is why humans and apes do not have the same characteristics. B. primary productivity C. producing organic detritus for decomposers Monophyletic grouping shows groups of organisms that are closely related to each other with a common ancestor. To survive, pathogens must do two things: Explain why harmful (lethal) alleles in humans persist in a population, unable to be eliminated like the breast cancer mutation, Heterozygote advantage: balance survival and reproduction heterozygotes have the best balace and therefore highest fitness. B. false, A point mutation is a base pair change that can lead to a change in an amino acid E. chemicals contain energy, but energy doesn't contain chemicals, C. when models are built for ecosystems, all of the materials should be able to be accounted for, Gross primary productivity is higher than net primary productivity. -is the amount of blood pumped out with each hearbeat. species, but a different genus. A. E. 5, 3, 4, 2, 1, Populations of a hominid named _______ arose in Africa about 1.6 million years ago and spread to Asia, becoming the first hominid to leave Africa. Based on the names, you can determine that these two animals belong to the same -. homo neanderthalensis Most big, predatory animals are tertiary consumers, which implies that: E. energy that is stored in plant tissues, A. the amount of energy producers burn when they metabolize, Why are big, predatory animals rare? C. fur A. typically, they are highly territorial Apply the principle of parsimony. Which species is a primary producer? Their common ancestor would also have had them. B. absorbing solar radiation B. false, Dominant alleles are likely to be more common in a population than recessive alleles, even if they have negative effects Genetics - Principles of Heredity: Help and Review, Psychological Research & Experimental Design, All Teacher Certification Test Prep Courses, Monophyletic vs Paraphyly and Polyphyly Groups, Review of Inorganic Chemistry For Biologists: Help and Review, Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Help and Review, Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA: Help and Review, DNA Replication - Processes and Steps: Help and Review, The Transcription and Translation Process: Help and Review, Plant Reproduction and Growth: Help and Review, Physiology I: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems, Physiology I - The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems: Help and Review, Physiology II: The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems, Physiology II - The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems: Help and Review, Animal Reproduction and Development: Help and Review, Mendel's First Law: The Law of Segregation, Mendel's Second Law: The Law of Independent Assortment, Mendel's Dihybrid Cross Example: Practice & Ratio, Exceptions to Simple Dominance: Codominance and Incomplete Dominance, Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex-Linked and Sex-Limited Traits, Crossing Over & Gene Linkage: Definition, Importance & Results, Human Genetics: Multifactorial Traits & Model Organisms, Additive Alleles: Definition & Characteristics, How Does the Adiabatic Process Work? A) 50% Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. E. recycling energy from other trophic levels, A. converting inorganic compounds into organic compounds, Unlike energy, matter cycles. However, not all organisms are found in monophyletic groupings. archaea more closely related to eukaryotes. B. A. behavioral A female with a paternal set of one orange and one long gene chromosomes and maternal set comprised ogg one blue and one short gene chromosome is expected to produce which of the following types of eggs after meiosis? I would definitely recommend to my colleagues. User: Mateo did poorly on a test. The shaded taxa correspond to groups that have evolved jaw like structures. A. true C. bacterial glycolysis, aerobic reproduction, prokaryotic photosynthesis B. Her mother is not affected. D. keratinous scales The root shows the ancestor that all organisms in the cladogram share. A. incomplete dominance (ADD PICTURE) Along the top line of the table, make a column for each animal you want to include in your cladogram. A. XaXa This is evidence of A. mutualistic interactions with a bacterium Stream communities exist at an intermediate level of succession Evolutionary dead ends - neanderthals, Paranthropus spp D. mouse and crocodile E. genomic imprinting, Cats were introduced to the island of Key West, FL by settlers. E. 5, Looking at the above figure, which number would designate the biome with the highest variation in annual temperature? E. They did not have the capacity to have language, E. They did not have the capacity to have language, Which of these structures is produced by meiosis in the life cycle of plants? B. homo erectus A. refer to the partially completed punnett square purple flowers are dominant to white flowers (w) . B. Organism C is the outgroup, B and E are the most closely related This lesson will focus on key definitions related to monophyletic groups, discover how living things are organized while focusing on monophyletic grouping. The red phenotype is manifested differently on different diets. D. reduced hybrid viability The root in the cladogram below is the last common ancestor of Species A, B, C, D, and E. Internal nodes or intersections on the cladogram show a point of divergence. The branch length of a cladogram strictly speaking does not represent genetic changes or length of time. New York City would receive more sunlight in june, Which of the following choices include all of the others in creating global terrestrial climates? See Answer. B. the rate of element movements between reservoirs by the measure, which listed species is least related to humans? This is an example of _______ selection. Evolutionary histories are not known for all species. In population one, 75% of the flowers are red, and in population two 25% of the flowers are white. E. Behavioral, The correct order of evolution for metabolic pathways in early earth is the following: which domain contains all organisms that have a nucleus ? The difference between the two is: B. II A. A. Body is the mental image people have of their own bodies. what do you predict about the flower color of the offspring resulting from this cross? All eggs will have paternal types of gene combinations kingdoms are divided into phyla and each phylum is divided into, the goal of cladistics is to classify species according to, the order in which they descended from a common ancestor, refer to the illustration above. D. the relatively small degree of homology shared by the X and Y chromosomes E. pleiotropy, Which of the following statements about mutations is true? Island 1 could be larger than Island 2 and farther from the mainland than Island 2 New York CIty would receive more sunlight in december Use the tree to answer the questions that follow (ADD PICTURE). each particular feature such as dry skin that is used to assign an organism to a groups is called a(n), is the same for scientists all over the world, poison ivy is also known as rhus toxicodendron. homo erectus E. None of the above, Refer to the cladogram shown (ADD PICTURE). Evidence: modes of replication -- both use binary fission, have their own ribosomes, susceptible to similar antibiotics, molecular data show evolutionary relationship, similar membranes. B. contribution to the gene pool of the next generation On the letter D is the most recent common ancestor of species 1 and 4. . houston gamblers 2022 schedule; Blog Details Title ; By | June 29, 2022. Indicate what type of group they represent. A cladogram is a diagram used to represent a hypothetical relationship between groups of animals, called a phylogeny.A cladogram is used by a scientist studying phylogenetic systematics to visualize the groups of organisms being compared, how they are related, and their most common ancestors. B. ocean currents E. None of the above, An organism that get its energy from the sun and its carbon from organic sources is called: Paraphyletic grouping is essentially a monophyletic grouping but missing parts of the grouping due to outliers' characteristics. For example, a cluster of over-ripe bananas on the counter can cause a newer apple to begin to ripen more quickly and go bad. D. Each egg has a one fourth chance of having either blue long, blue short, orange long, or orange short combinations Rain shadows may appear on one side of a mountain range Which of the following terms best describes this? These will then be briefly compared to polyphyletic and paraphyletic groupings. B. both photosynthesis and respiration cycle carbon through inorganic pools A. crocodile and pigeon In Mendel's pea plants, inflated pod is dominant to constricted pod. D. RNA can replicate more accurately than DNA A certain female's number 12 chromosomes both have the blue gene and number 19 genes both have the long gene. C. vegetarians need to ingest less chemical than omnivores This indicates that you and your siblings have two shared ancestors, your grandparents and parents, while you and your cousins only share one common ancestor, your grandparents. The shaded taxa correspond to groups that have evolved jaw like structures. C. Reinforcement E. Each egg has a three fourths chance of having either blue long, blue short, orange long, or orange short combinations, D. Each egg has a one fourth chance of having either blue long, blue short, orange long, or orange short combinations, One example of polygenic inheritance is a person's height B. C. mouse and pigeon Refer to the cladogram shown above. Monophyletic grouping shows groups of organisms that are closely related to each other with a common ancestor. A. In the figure shown above, A is the common ancestor of all the listed organisms. like the following (one per line): Explain the contrasting net primary productivities of intensive agricultural land and extreme desert. These genetic changes would eventually form the domesticated dogs known and loved today. E. expanding, Which of the examples below provides appropriate abiotic and biotic factors that might determine the D. mammals, Number the following species from most recent to least recent. What type of reproductive isolation is this? Formation of a geographic barrier, genetic divergence, development of reproductive isolation, Which circumstances is most likely to lead to speciation in only a couple of generations? refer to the cladogram shown above weegy. D. less, altitude, Considering the global carbon cycle, where is the largest reservoir of carbon? A. rate of decomposition of detritus into which domain would you place a multicellular organism with a nucleus. Echidnas, Komodo dragons, and crocodiles also share another synapomorphy besides having four limbs; they all lay eggs. E. 5, What happens to species diversity as latitude decreases? This is evidence of B. Species D and C are sister species in the cladogram below and so are Species B and A. 50% As seen in the cladograms above, the figure shows grouping examples, including a monophyletic group. Males: compete among each other for females, sperm is energetically cheap, success is number of matings, and is varied, quantity over quality - employ combat strategies On the right, redraw the tree to show the relationships only among these 5 newly discovered species. D. biotic health f(aa) = 0.07, f(AA) = 0.53, f(Aa) = 0.39 0.04 A. true D. a system of cultrue Weegy: Mitochondria and chloroplasts, organelles inside of eukaryotic cells, have their own membranes and genetic material. These organisms are monophyletic because they have similar characteristics, similar genetic coding, and a direct common ancestor. Is the population in HWE, why or why not? B. false, An individual with an MN genotypic exhibits both M and N molecules on the hemoglobin proteins and has a separate phenotype. Phenotype 320 90 90 A. paranthropus robustus Since all these organisms share a common ancestor, they also share a synapomorphy, which is that earthworms, birds, and snakes all reproduce sexually. C. Your descendants will carry the mutation. Make a table and run your list of characteristics down the left side. The tree is based on analogous traits They have a Masters in education from Sacred Heart University and Bachelors in Biology from the University of Connecticut. which of the following lists the taxa form broadest to most specific>, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species. They will also have similar genetics. A cladogram may be defined as a type of diagram that shows speculative relationships between groups of organisms of the same species or different ones.. D. Island 1 could be the same distance from the mainland as Island 2 and smaller than Island 2, B. A. tropical They coexisted fro a time with humans B. oceans In a sample of 500 tiger lilies, three gnotypes occurred in the following numbers. Which of the statements is true? A. purifying The red phenotype is manifested differently on different diets, A) dominant C. -0.02 C. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded that current evidence suggests that most of the warming that happened over the last 50 year is attributable to human causes E. size, Based on the data in the figure above, which of the following statements is false? Genotype AA Aa aa an organism's fitness is measured by its: Which of these reproductive isolation mechanisms is most likely affecting sea urchins? Body is the mental image people have of their own bodies. D. dissipating heat The lesson will also focus on monophyletic examples, including humans and domesticated dogs. B. false, The change in allele frequency by genetic drift is predictable, while change in allele frequency by natural selection can be random C. III User: What is the function of the World Trade Organization? The numbers 1 through 5 represent species that exist today, What's the mst rocent common ancestor of species 1 and 4? There are 4 key characteristics that unite all animals shown on the cladogram including the Cephalochordata (Lancelets). A. true A branch is a line on the cladogram and a node is where two lines meet in a cladogram.

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